Sexual intercourse is the main reason behind any pregnancy. Most of the researchers did research to figure out the reason of widespread teenage pregnancy. Some people have a myth that teens have a desire to get pregnant but this is not true as almost 80% of pregnancies in teen age are unintentional.
According to the researchers, the main reason behind this is the lack of maturity, education regarding sexual intercourse, contraception and lack of personal responsibility in teen age. Moreover, it has been found that teenage pregnancy is also due to the employment opportunities and limited education or poverty.
No knowledge regarding birth control or understanding sex is one of the main fundamental cause of teenage pregnancy. Ignorance is also a major reason behind teenage pregnancy. If we look to the scenario in America, we can easily find teens, especially girls, get so much messages about sex. But these messages do not explain the consequences of teenage sex. It is shown as an immediate gratification which prepares girl for sex without adequate education. Although sex can be seen advertised in movies and television, but there is no equal initiative to educate about the birth control. Open discussions should be initiated about sex but this is very rare.
Any female could become pregnant if she has lack of control on her life or has low expectations regarding her future. In some cases, it has been found that teenage preganancy is also a result of depression that directs them towards risky sexual activities. Some teenage girls end up in pregnancy due to alcohol or drugs abuse which is the reason behind inadequate use of contraception.
Inadequate love from family or absence of a father figure causes the mindset of the teenage girl to be attracted towards an older man to receive affection which might end up in her pregnancy if that man has some other desires. In most of the cases, boyfriends have been the source of pregnancy in teenage girls as girls have an impression that sex would bring their boyfriends more close to them.
Researchers have discovered a large difference between the pregnancy rates in European countries and others due to better contraceptive services, low child poverty, acceptance of teenage sexuality and better sex education. For example, there is a 10 -fold difference between Holland and US.
To view the cause behind the teen pregnancy many surveys have been conducted on adolescents to try to understand their viewpoint. According to a study done in 1996 on 58% of boys and 76% of girls, most of the teenage girls had sex just to satisfy their boyfriends. One of the three teens of age between 15 to 17 have agreed that they were pressurized to have sex by their friends.
To shock the masses, in a study of 1997, it was revealed that 70% of girls feels embarrassed to purchase birth control or gain knowledge on sex from a doctor. It is very difficult to determine the relation between the teen pregnancy and its factors. However, researchers have agreed on a fact that teenagers should be educated about the contraceptive methods and consequences of unprotected sex.